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How are deepfakes dangerous? UNR Prof. Paromita Pain Explains

Dr. Paromita Pain, an assistant professor of global media in the Reynolds School of Journalism, explains how one can identify deepfakes.

Promita Pain, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Global Media, University of Nevada, Reno

How can someone detect deepfakes?

Detecting deepfakes is getting more difficult as the technology that creates deepfakes is getting more sophisticated. In 2018, researchers in the United States demonstrated that deepfake faces didn’t blink like humans do, which was considered a great way to detect if images and videos were fake or not.

However, as soon as the study was published, deepfake creators started fixing this, making it even more difficult to detect deepfakes. Oftentimes, the research that is designed to help detect deepfakes just ends up helping make deepfake technology better.

But not all deepfakes are products of sophisticated technology. Poor-quality material is usually easier to detect, as the lip syncs may not match well or the skin tone may seem odd. Additionally, details like hair strands are often harder for deepfake technicians to create. Studies have also shown that jewelry, teeth and skin that create erratic reflections can also reveal deepfakes.

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